Community Profile

History of Elgin

The City of Elgin was created by the Houston and Texas Central Railroad in 1872 and named for Robert Morris Elgin, the railroad’s land commissioner, following the practice of naming new railroad towns after officers of the company. The original plat placed the train depot in the center of a one-square mile area.

The city of Elgin owes its existence to a major flood on the Colorado River in 1869.  Originally, the railroad was to have run from McDade, ten miles east of Elgin, southwest to the Colorado River at a point somewhere between Bastrop and Webberville, then to Austin following the river.

Many of the original residents of the new town of Elgin came from Perryville or Hogeye as it was nicknamed, located two miles to the south. The community was known by three different names. The post office was officially named Young’s Settlement and the churches and Masonic Lodge carried the name Perryville. The name Hogeye was given to the stage stop at the Litton home where the community dances were held, and according to legend the fiddler knew only one tune “Hogeye” which he played over and over as the crowd danced.

In 1885, a new North-South railroad line was organized and Elgin became the beneficiary of two major rail lines with eight passenger trains daily. By 1890, the population had reached 831 and Elgin continued to grow and prosper.

In 1900 a bumper crop of cotton helped to establish five cotton gins and a cotton oil mill, all in operation at the same time. The growth continued through the 1920’s when most of the downtown brick commercial buildings were built.

Today, Elgin is famous for the two products it’s been making since 1882: reliable bricks and delicious hot sausage. Three brick companies are still operating in the Elgin area. Elgin has also gained a national reputation for its hot sausage. Three local companies produce over 3 million pounds annually.

Historic Sites

Elgin is a community rich in history. It has been designated by the National Trust for Historic Preservation as a National Main Street Community. It offers many award winning examples of historic preservation. 

The H & TC Freight Depot built in 1872, is the oldest building in Elgin.  Currently it is the home of the Greater Elgin Chamber of Commerce.  The restoration of this building was a joint effort between the City of Elgin, Greater Elgin Chamber of Commerce, Elgin Main Street Board and the Southside Merchants Association along with many grant providers.  The original passenger depot, Union Depot has recently been completely renovated by the City of Elgin. It now serves as a museum for the community. The Elgin Historical Association operates the museum. It is opened Tuesdays-Sundays from 2pm –5pm. The Nofsinger house built in 1906 houses the Elgin City Hall. Historic murals, banks, pharmacies, barber shops and elegant old homes are all part of the historical scene in Elgin.

Location

The city of Elgin is located in the State of Texas off Hwy 290 east in the county of Bastrop.  We are located:

19 miles east of Austin

125 miles west of Houston

90 miles south of Waco

90 miles northeast of San Antonio

180 miles south of Dallas

Climate

The climate of Elgin is humid subtropical with hot summers and relatively mild winters.  Daytime temperatures in summer are hot, with highs over 90°F about 80% or more of the time. Precipitation is fairly evenly distributed throughout the year with heaviest amounts occurring in May and October. Average yearly rainfall is near 30 inches. Elgin averages 300 days of sunshine each year. It rarely snows in Elgin.

  • The average warmest month is July.
  • The highest recorded temperature was 108°F in 2000.
  • On average, the coolest month is January.
  • The lowest recorded temperature was 0°F in 1989.
  • May is the average wettest month.

Month

Avg. High

Avg. Low

Avg. Precipitation

January

61°

40°

2.33 in

May

86°

65°

4.67 in

July

96°

84°

1.98 in

October

82°

59°

3.98 in

December

63°

42°

2.43 in

Source:  Elgin, TX weather facts from weather.com

Population by County

Population

Lee County

16,526

Bastrop County

69,932

Williamson County

333,457

Travis County

888,185


Source:  Based on 2005 Data from U.S. Census Bureau

Population Growth Comparison

County

2000

2005

% Growth

2010 estimate

Lee

15,657

16,526

5.5%

17,435

Bastrop

57,733

69,932

21.1%

84,688

Williamson

249,967

333,457

33.4%

444,832

Travis

812,280

888,185

9.3%

970,786

Source:  2000 and 2005 numbers are from the U.S. Census Bureau.  The 2010 estimates were determined by using the same growth percentage from the 2000 to 2005 population numbers.

Population by City

Population for Elgin & Surrounding Cities

City

1990

2000

% Growth

2005

% Growth

Elgin

4,846

5,700

17.6%

8,689

52.4%

Bastrop

4,044

5,340

32%

7,297

36.6%

Manor

1,091

1,204

10.4%

1,877

55.9%

Taylor

11,472

13,575

18.3%

15,014

10.6%

Austin

465,622

656,562

41%

690,252

5.1%

Source:  U.S. Census Bureau

Major Employers

Business Name

Product

Number of Employees

Elgin ISD

School District

664

Acme Brick Company

Brick

162

HEB Grocery

Grocery Retail

127

Elgin-Butler Brick

Brick

81

Hanson Brick Brick                                 80
City of Elgin Government                                 67
Elgin Veterinary Hospital Veterinary Services                                 40
Southside Market & BBQ Food Products                             27 & 37 part time
Meyer's Sausage Company Food Products

34

Elgin Cotton Oil Mill

Cottonseed Products

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